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Cardiology Surgery FAQs

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FAQ’s

Many different cardiac conditions and problems share similar warning signs and physicians warn all patients not to ignore any of the symptoms since every person's body responds differently to cardiac stress which may present itself as various symptoms, including:
• Shortness of breath
• Irregular heart beats
• Quickened heart beats
• Feeling weak or dizzy
• Nausea
• Profuse sweating
• Chest Pain
• Easy Tiredness
• Leg Swelling
• Abdominal Distention
While there are many risk factors patients cannot control, there are certain lifestyle factors can be changed to reduce one's risk for developing heart disease.
Uncontrollable risk factors include:
• Gender; men are more likely to develop heart disease
• Age; as you age your risk of heart disease increases
• Family history of heart disease
• Being post-menopausal; women who have gone through menopause are at a higher risk for developing heart disease
Lifestyle risk factors include:
• Stress or anger; people who have lots of stress or uncontrolled anger are at a higher risk for heart disease
• Physical inactivity; exercise can lower your risk for developing heart disease
• Diabetes
• Obesity
• High Blood pressure
• Cholesterol problems; both high LDL and low HDL cholesterol can increase your risk for developing heart disease
• Smoking
Your cholesterol levels play an important part in your overall heart health. It's important to have lower levels of LDL or "bad cholesterol" and higher levels of HDL or "good cholesterol". When you have your cholesterol levels checked, your physicians use this equation, HDL + LDL + 20% of your triglyceride level for a total score given in the unit mg/dL. The recommended total cholesterol level is 200 mg/dL with scores less than 180mg/dL considered optimal.
If you are diagnosed with high cholesterol following a screening test, your physician will recommend lifestyle changes including nutrition and exercising more to maintain or lose body weight. For some patients, these lifestyle changes may not be enough to lower their cholesterol, particularly for patients who are at a high risk for developing heart disease. For these patients, physicians may recommend medication in addition to lifestyle changes.
An aneurysm occurs when part of an artery wall weakens, allowing it to widen abnormally or balloon out. Some may be congenital, meaning a person is born with them or some may occur because of injury. Large aneurysms should be treated promptly otherwise it might rupture and lead to catastrophic consequences.
When the heart experiences reduced blood supply, it may lead to pain in the chest known as angina. This can be caused by atherosclerosis and can extend to the left arm, shoulder or jaw. Usually angina is temporarily relieved by rest.
Angina should not be taken lightly and should consult a cardiologist as soon as possible to know the cause behind the chest pain and avoid the worst possible consequences
When the heart doesn't beat properly, like beating too fast, skipping beats or beating too slow, it may be a heart arrhythmia. The most common form of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation (AFib), and this is also the most serious. Undiagnosed and untreated AFib can lead to life-threatening health problems, including stroke.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in the arteries the condition is called the atherosclerosis. The build of plaque occurs over many years.
CHD is curable and can be managed effectively with combination of lifestyle changes, medicine and in some cases surgery.
Stroke is a vascular condition that occurs when a blood vessel becomes blocked, usually by a blood clot. This deprives certain areas of the brain of oxygen, which can cause long-term damage and disability. There are three types of strokes: ischemic stroke (the most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks
Congenital means inborn or existing at birth. Among the terms you may hear are “hole in the heart”, “congenital heart disease”, etc. It occurs when the heart or blood vessels near the heart don’t develop normally before birth. The word “defect” is more accurate than “disease”.
Congenital cardiovascular defects are most common congenital malformations in newborns. In most scientists don’t know why they occur. Sometimes a viral infection causes serious problems. German measles (rubella) is an example. If a women contracts German measles while pregnant, it can interfere with how her baby’s heart develops or produce other malformations.
No, but most is. These defects are usually but not always diagnosed early in life. Rarely, heart disease is not congenital but may occur during childhood such as heart damage due to infection, like rheumatic fever.
Severe heart disease generally becomes evident during the first few months after birth. Some babies are blue or have very low blood pressure shortly after birth. Other defects cause breathing difficulties, feeding problems, or poor weight gain. Heart murmurs in children should not be taken lightly.
Most heart defects either obstruct blood flow in the heart or vessels near it, or cause blood to flow through the heart in an abnormal pattern. Rarely defects occur in which only one ventricle (single ventricle physiology) is present, or both the pulmonary artery and aorta arise from the same ventricle (double outlet ventricle). There are many other such defects with abnormal communication between heart chambers or the great vessels arising from the heart.

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Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai

Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai