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Diabetology FAQs

4. Website (Diabetology)


Type 1 diabetes is all about insulin—a lack of the hormone insulin. If you have type 1 diabetes, then your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to handle the glucose in your body. Glucose is a sugar that your body uses for instant energy, but in order for your body to use it properly, you have to have insulin.
Type 1 diabetes develops gradually, but the symptoms may seem to come on suddenly. It can take years for the body to deplete its insulin, but as soon as there’s no more insulin in the body, blood glucose levels rise quickly. Symptoms can then rapidly develop, including:
• Extreme weakness and/or tiredness
• Extreme thirst—dehydration
• Increased urination
• Abdominal pain
• Nausea and/or vomiting
• Blurry vision
• Wounds that don’t heal well
• Irritability or quick mood changes
• Changes to (or loss of) menstruation
There are also signs of type 1 diabetes which include :
• Weight loss—despite eating more
• Rapid heart rate
• Reduced blood pressure (falling below 90/60)
• Low body temperature (below 97º F)
It isn’t entirely clear what triggers the development of type 1 diabetes. Genes do play . However, something must set off the immune system, causing it to turn against itself and leading to the development of type 1 diabetes.
There are several risk factors that may make it more likely that you’ll develop type diabetes. That genetic marker is located on chromosome 6, and it’s an HLA (human leukocyte antigen) complex. Several HLA complexes have been connected to type 1 diabetes, and if you have one or more of those, you may develop type 1.
Other risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:
• Viral infections
• Family history
• Early diet
• Other autoimmune conditions
• Type 1 diabetes is treated with a combination of insulin, diet, and exercise.
• It’s absolutely necessary for people with type 1 diabetes to take insulin because their bodies don’t produce it. There are several types of insulin, and your diabetes treatment team will work with you to figure out the right dosages.
• Diet and exercise will help you control the effects of type 1 diabetes.
• Similarly, staying physically fit and active has many benefits, including keeping your heart healthy, which can prevent the macrovascular complications associated with diabetes.
• Exercise makes it easier to control your blood glucose level.
• Type 2 diabetes is when your body doe not utilise insulin properly.
• In type 2 diabetes, some people are insulin resistant, meaning that their body produces a lot of insulin but can’t use it effectively.
• Some people with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin.
• Type 2 is different from type 1 diabetes because in type 1, your body doesn’t produce any insulin at all.
• Whether you’re insulin resistant or have too little insulin, the end result is the same in type 2 diabetes, your blood glucose level is too high
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop so gradually, that sometimes it’s possible to miss them or to not connect them as related symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
• Fatigue
• Extreme thirst>
• Frequent urination
• Extreme hunger
• Weight loss
• Frequent infections
• Slow wound healing
• Blurry vision
Genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. Insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes.
Other risk factors for type 2 diabetes include
• Family history: Type 2 diabetes has a hereditary factor. If someone in your close family has (or had) it, you are more likely to develop it.
• Age: The older you are, the more at risk you are for developing type 2 diabetes.
• Gestational diabetes: If you developed diabetes while you were pregnant, that increases your risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on.
• Other health problems: High blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol (the “bad” LDL cholesterol) increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes complications. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
• Type 2 diabetes is treated with a combination of healthy meal planning, physical activity, medications, and perhaps insulin.
• Healthy meal planning changes and exercise are the cornerstones of type 2 diabetes treatment.
• Weight loss, which in turn can help their bodies use insulin better.
• Making healthy lifestyle choices, such as reducing calories and portion sizes and being more active, can help them get to a healthier weight

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Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai

Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai