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Gastroenterology Faqs

What is gastritis and what causes it?

Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining and is usually termed acute orchronic gastritis. The two major causes of gastritis are 1) a bacterium named Helicobacter pylorior H. pylori and 2) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

What are the most common signs and symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders?

• Acid Reflux, Heartburn, GERD.

• Dyspepsia/Indigestion.

• Nausea and Vomiting.

• Peptic Ulcer Disease.

• Abdominal Pain Syndrome.

• Belching, Bloating, Flatulence.

• Biliary Tract Disorder and, Gallbladder.

What not to eat when you have gastritis?

Foods to Avoid When Suffering from Gastritis

• Coffee / Tea

• Alcohol

• Spicy foods, including chili and curries.

• High-fat foods, because they increase the acid in your stomach.

• All high-fat dairy products, except skim milk and low-fat cheese.

• Tomatoes, onions, and garlic.

How Can Diet Prevent Digestive Discomfort?

You can keep many digestive problems away with lifestyle changes. Bad habits, such as eating too quickly or skipping meals, can upset your stomach. Be sure to eat slowly and chew thoroughly. You might want to try eating several small meals throughout the day.

A balanced diet can help, too. Unhealthy foods can cause trouble for your digestive system. Eat less processed food and sugar, and more fiber, fruits, and vegetables.

If you’re sensitive to certain types of food, stay away from these items or cut back on them. Talk with a nutritionist before you ban a food from your plate to make sure you still get important nutrients from other sources.

What Are Ulcers and How Do I Know if I Have Them?

Ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine. Not all of them have symptoms, but warning signs can include:

• A gnawing or burning pain in the middle or upper stomach between meals or at night

• Bloating

• Heartburn

• Nausea or vomiting

In severe cases, ulcer symptoms can include:

• Dark or black stools (due to bleeding)

• Vomiting

• Weight loss

• Severe pain in the mid to upper belly

What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease?

• When you swallow, food passes down your throat and through your esophagus to your stomach. A muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter controls the opening to your stomach and stays tightly closed except when you swallow food. When it doesn’t close, the acid in your stomach can splash back up into your esophagus. This backward movement is called reflux. When it happens, you might feel burning inside, commonly known as heartburn.

What Is Laparoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery?

• Doctors use this operation, also called fundoplication, to create a better valve at the bottom of the esophagus to protect it from stomach acid. You might get this operation if you’ve tried taking medications to treat GERD, but they haven’t helped.

• During fundoplication surgery, the upper curve of the stomach (the fundus) is wrapped around the esophagus and sewn into place so that the lower portion of the esophagus passes through a small tunnel of stomach muscle. This surgery strengthens the valve between the esophagus and stomach (lower esophageal sphincter), which stops acid from backing up into the esophagus as easily. This allows the esophagus to heal. This procedure can be done laparascopically.

• If a person has a hiatal hernia, which can cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms, it will also be repaired during this surgery.

What Are Hemorrhoids and How Can I Prevent Them?

Hemorrhoids are groups of swollen and inflamed veins in the tissue inside your bottom, specifically the anus and lower rectum. These blood vessels can burst and cause bleeding. You might see blood on toilet paper or in the toilet, and feel pain or itching. It might happen if you strain during a bowel movement. The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft so you can pass them easily without straining. Eat a high-fiber diet and drink plenty of fluids each day.

It’s a good idea to let your doctor know if you have bleeding from your bottom or blood in your stools. These can be a symptoms of colon cancer, or polyps that could become cancer. Your doctor may want to check inside your lower colon(sigmoidoscopy), or your entire colon (colonoscopy).

What Is Endoscopy?

It’s a procedure that helps your doctor look inside your digestive system. A flexible, lighted tube with a camera, called an endoscope, goes in your mouth to help the doctor see the inside of your esophagus, stomach, or the first part of the small intestine. This is done to diagnose:

• Belly or chest pain

• Nausea and vomiting

• Heartburn

• Bleeding

• Trouble swallowing

• Ulcers

• Inflammation

• Problems with bowel movements

What Is Hepatitis and How Can I Prevent It?

Hepatitis is a virus that inflames the liver. It can be either acute (lasting less than 6 months) or chronic (lasting more than 6 months). There are several viruses that cause it, including hepatitis A, B, and C.

To lower your chances of getting the disease:

• Get the vaccines for hepatitis A and hepatitis B

• Don’t share needles or take illegal drugs.

• Practice good personal hygiene, such as thorough hand-washing.

• Don’t use an infected person’s personal items, such as razors or toothbrushes.

• Be careful when you get any tattoos or body piercings. Choose licensed shops that clean equipment properly.

• Protect yourself when you travel to areas of the world with poor sanitation. Get your hepatitis A shot before you go.

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Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai

Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai