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Oncology

11. Website (Oncology)

PRASHANTH Institute for Oncology , comprising of a highly skilled and experienced team of medical and surgical oncologists define defines the complete care of cancer patients. Our hospital has state-of-the-art facilities and a multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of cancer patients.

Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.

Cancer, also called malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery.

Cancer care now, has improved in leaps and bounds and medical and scientific advancements have developed effective treatments for this “so called” dreaded disease.

OUR SUBSPECIALTIES ARE:

• Department of Medical Oncology

• Department of Surgical Oncology

• Breast Care Centre

• Department of Onco-plasty

The Medical Oncology Unit provides state of the art facilities for the administration of chemotherapy to highest standards to ambulatory patients as an outpatient basis and also as inpatient basis. The successful areas extend from hemato-oncology, solid tumors, pediatric malignancies etc. Targeted agents, conventional and high dose chemotherapy are routinely administered.

The Department of Surgical Oncology, aims to provide holistic, all round surgical care for solid malignancies. The cases handled by the department comprises

  • Head and Neck Cancer surgery
  • Complex & Laparoscopic gynaec onco-surgery
  • Paediatric malignancies
  • Thyroid surgeries
  • Gastrointestinal malignancies & Advance Laparoscopic procedures including oesophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, colorectal cancer
  • Thoracic Oncology including lung cancer
  • Soft tissue sarcomas and bone tumours
  • Skin cancer
  • Micro vascular reconstruction

The highly skill-full onco-surgeons are supported by dedicated operating theatres, recovery room and ICU staff. The aim is to provide holistic treatment and to ensure the best outcome for cancer patients, thereby maximizing cure, as well as patient satisfaction

Most colorectal  cancers  begin as a small polyp, detectable through regular cancer screening, such as colonoscopy. Colon cancer symptoms include a change in bowel habits or bleeding, but often there are no symptoms. With early detection, surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy can be effective treatment.

Symptoms

  • Altered bowel habits
  • Painless /painful bleeding in stools
  • Anaemia
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Constant fatigue

Risk Factors

  • Men are at a slightly higher risk of developing colorectal cancer
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

Ovarian cancer often starts silently, not showing symptoms until its later stages.  In some cases, ovarian cancer may cause early symptoms. The most common symptoms of ovarian cancer include:

  • Frequent bloating.
  • Pain in your belly or pelvis.
  • Trouble eating, or feeling full quickly.
  • Urinary problems, such as an urgent need to urinate or urinating more often than usual.

If you have one or more of these symptoms, and it occurs almost daily for more than 2 or 3 weeks, contact your doctor.

Other symptoms that affect some women with ovarian cancer include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Indigestion.
  • Back pain.
  • Pain with intercourse.
  • Constipation.
  • Menstrual cycle changes.

But these symptoms are also common in some women who don’t have ovarian cancer.

Pancreatic cancer often goes undetected until it’s advanced and difficult to treat. In the vast majority of cases, symptoms only develop after pancreatic cancer has grown and begun to spread.

Initially, pancreatic cancer tends to be silent and painless as it grows. By the time it’s large enough to cause symptoms, pancreatic cancer has generally grown outside the pancreas. At this point, symptoms depend on the cancer’s location within the pancreas:

  • Pancreatic cancer in the head of the pancreas tends to cause symptoms such as weight loss,jaundice (yellow skin), dark urine, light stool color, itching, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain,  back pain and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Pancreatic cancer in the body or tail of the pancreas usually causes belly and/or back pain and weight loss.

Pancreatic Cancer and Gastrointestinal Symptoms

Because pancreatic cancer grows around important areas of  the digestive system,  gastrointestinal symptoms often predominate and such patients present with

  • Abdominal pain

More than 80% of people with pancreatic cancer eventually experience some abdominal pain as the tumor grows. Pancreatic cancer can cause a dull ache in the upper abdomen radiating to the back. The pain may come and go.

 

  • Bloating

Some people with pancreatic cancer have a sense of early fullness with meals (satiety) or an uncomfortable swelling in the abdomen.

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Pale colored stools

If the duct draining bile into the intestine is blocked by pancreatic cancer, the stools may lose their brown color and become pale or clay-colored. Urine may become darker.

Whole-Body Symptoms

As it grows and spreads, pancreatic cancer affects the whole body which includes :

  • Weight loss
  • Malaise
  • Loss of appetite
  • Elevated blood sugars

Some people with pancreatic cancer develop diabetes as the cancer impairs the pancreas ability to produce insulin. (However, the vast majority of people with a new diagnosis of diabetes do not have pancreatic cancer.)

Stomach cancer begins when cancer cells form in the inner lining of your stomach. These cells can grow into a tumor. Also called gastric cancer, the disease usually grows slowly over many years.

If you know the symptoms it causes, you and your doctor may be able to spot it early, when it’s easiest to treat.

What Causes Stomach Cancer?

Scientists don’t know exactly what makes cancer cells start growing in the stomach. But they do know a few things that can raise your risk for the disease. One of them is infection with a common bacteria, H pylori, which causes ulcers. Inflammation in your gut called gastritis, long-lasting anemia, and growths in your stomach called polyps also can make you more likely to get cancer.

Other things that seem to play a role in raising the risk include:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight orobese>
  • A diet high in smoked, pickled, or salty foods
  • Stomach surgery for an ulcer
  • Type-A blood
  • Certain genes
  • Working in coal, metal, timber, or rubber industries
  • Exposure to asbestos

Symptoms

Early on, stomach cancer may cause:

  • Indigestion
  • Feeling bloated after you eat a meal
  • Heartburn
  • Slight nausea
  • Loss of appetite

Just having indigestion or heartburn after a meal doesn’t mean you have cancer. But if you feel these symptoms a lot, talk to your doctor. As stomach tumors grow, you may have more serious symptoms, such as:

  • Stomach pain
  • Blood in your stool
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss for no reason
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Yellowish eyes or skin
  • Swelling in your stomach
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Weakness or feeling tired
  • Heartburn

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a disease that you get when abnormal cells begin to grow in your thyroid gland . The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and is located in the front of your neck. It makes hormones that regulate the way your body uses energy and that help your body work normally.

Thyroid cancer is an uncommon type of cancer. Most people who have it do very well, because the cancer is usually found early and the treatments work well. After it is treated, thyroid cancer may come back, sometimes many years after treatment.

What causes thyroid cancer?

Experts don’t know what causes thyroid cancer. But like other cancers, changes in the DNA of your cells seem to play a role. These DNA changes may include changes that are inherited as well as those that happen as you get older.

People who have been exposed to a lot of radiation have a greater chance of getting thyroid cancer.

What Is Testicular Cancer?

Cancer can occur in many areas of the body, including the sexual organs.

Men have two testicles, sometimes called testes. They are one of many glands in the body. Their job is to make male hormones and sperm. They hang beneath and behind a man’s penis in a pouch of skin called the scrotum.

Each testicle is connected to what’s called the spermatic cord. It’s made up of a sperm duct, nerves, and blood vessels.

Testicular cancer may spread slowly or quickly. It can go to nearby lymph nodes, the lungs, the liver, bones, and possibly the brain.

What Conditions Are Linked to It?

Undescended testicle: Testicular cancer happens more often in men who were born with a condition called cryptorchidism.

Family history: It may also run through the generations, from parent to child.

Previous diagnosis: If you’ve already been cured of cancer in one testicle, you have a 4% chance of getting it again in the other one.

HIV infection: The virus that causes AIDS has been linked with it.

If you find a lump in your testicle, go to a doctor so he can check it.

Our Breast Care Centre is a multidisciplinary team of experienced breast Onco-surgeons, reconstructive onco-plastic surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, specialized breast radiologists, breast pathologists, breast care nurses and highly equipped female technology personnel. We offer state-of-the-art Breast surgeries like conservative breast surgery, sentinel lymphnode biopsy, breast reconstruction, oncoplastic breast surgery, digital mammography and so on.

Symptoms

  • Lump in the breast
  • Lump in the Axilla
  • Breast skin changes, retraction
  • Change in size of breast
  • Any discharge from nipple

It is the use of chemical substances to treat the disease. Often cytotoxic drugs are used for chemotherapy.

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Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai

Prashanth Hospitals-Multispeciality Hospital in Chennai, Best Hospital in Chennai