Prevention of Kidney Stones

Prevention of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are not only inconvenient, but they can also be extremely painful. A kidney stone is a hard mass that forms from crystals in the urine. For most people, natural chemicals in the urine keep stones from forming and causing problems. A kidney stone is frequently described as one of the most painful experiences a person can have, but it is not always a one-time occurrence. Approximately two-thirds of patients who have already had one kidney stone are at risk of developing another.


Are all kidney stones the same?


No. Calcium stones are the most common type of kidney stone, followed by uric acid stones. To keep stones from returning, dietary changes and medical treatment are tailored to the type of stone. While there is no way to guarantee that stones will not form, you can reduce your risk by changing your diet.
Here are some steps that you can take.


Stay hydrated


Drinking plenty of water every day is one of the best ways to avoid kidney stones. This will ensure that you urinate frequently to prevent calcium or uric acid build-up. Depending on your activity level and rate of perspiration, increase your fluid intake to two to three liters per day.


Adjust calcium supplements


Calcium is crucial in the prevention of kidney stones. Because calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of kidney stone, many people believe they must eliminate calcium from their diet. This is not entirely true. You're actually increasing your chances of developing stones by eating a low-calcium diet. Avoid calcium supplements and eat a diet that is naturally high in non-oxalate calcium.


Reduce animal protein


A high purine intake results in increased uric acid production and a greater acid load for the kidneys to excrete. Reduce your consumption of high-purine foods such as red meat, organ meats, and shellfish, and instead eat a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.


Make dietary changes


Limit sugar-sweetened foods and beverages, avoid crash diets and limit alcohol consumption because they can raise uric acid levels in the blood. Eating less animal protein and more fruits and vegetables will help reduce urine acidity, which will reduce the likelihood of stone formation. Limit your sodium intake because it causes your kidneys to excrete more calcium, increasing your chances of developing kidney stones.


Consult the Best Urologists at Prashanth Hospitals


What works for some people may not work for others, so it's crucial to experiment with new foods and pay attention to how your body reacts. If you're at risk for kidney stones, an urologist can help you figure out which foods to limit or avoid. Always consult with a doctor before starting or stopping any new medications or food regimen. Prashanth Hospitals houses the best Urologists in Chennai. Our team of highly experienced doctors will ensure you receive the best treatment for kidney stones.