Orthopaedics FAQ

What kinds of injuries or disorders do orthopedic surgeons treat?

The orthopedic surgeons provide treatment for a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including:

  • Fractures and dislocations
  • Torn ligaments, sprains, and strains
  • Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, and bursitis
  • Ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis
  • Arthritis and osteoporosis
  • Knock knees, bow legs, bunions, and hammer toes
  • Bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy
  • Club foot and unequal leg length
  • Abnormalities of the fingers and toes and other growth abnormalities

What kind of diagnostics tests may be involved ?

You may be recommend X-rays, an MRI, or a CT scan. X-rays are generally used to help diagnose fractures and dislocations, bone degeneration or disease, infections, or tumors. An MRI may be used to help identify bone and joint problems. And a CT scan is especially helpful in diagnosing problems with the spine and vertebrae.

What are the most common orthopaedic surgeries?

The most common orthopaedic surgeries are:

  • Arthroscopic surgery of the knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip and ankle
  • Joint replacement surgery, during which an arthritic or damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint
  • Repair of soft tissue injuries, such as torn tendons or ligaments

What is arthroscopy surgery?

The orthopedic surgeons provide treatment for a wide variety of diseases and conditions. Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure in which the surgeon uses a high-definition fiber-optic camera that is about the diameter of a pencil to perform surgery through small incisions. Arthroscopy is also used to diagnose and treat virtually all joint problems, including those of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle. Arthroscopy allows the surgeon to treat many conditions in the least invasive manner possible. As arthroscopic surgery is performed through small incisions, injury to soft tissues is avoided, which results in quicker and less painful recovery times.

How do I know that I need replacement surgery?

Knee replacement may be an option when nonsurgical interventions such as medication, physical therapy, and the use of a cane or other walking aid no longer help alleviate the pain. When joint pain interferes with your ability to carry out daily activities or disturbs your sleep, it may be time to consider joint replacement. We generally try to delay total knee replacement for as long as possible in favor of less invasive treatments. With that being said, if you have advanced joint disease, knee replacement may offer the chance for relief from pain.

What are the benefits of joint replacement surgery?

The primary goals of joint replacement surgery are to restore mobility and to relieve pain. Good evidence-based medicine data reveals that a typical total hip or knee replacement lasts at least 20 years in about 80 percent of patients, which lets patients enjoy their favorite activities without pain. Joint replacement care at Prashanth Hospital is a truly comprehensive experience; it encompasses the entire process from evaluation through rehabilitation. Inpatient rehabilitation for any post-surgery issues is addressed with utmost care and compassion.

How do I prepare myself before the surgery?

There are several things you can do to enhance the results of your surgery and make your recovery safer and more comfortable: • If your doctor has suggested you lose weight, try changing your diet and be as active as you can. Be sure that any dieting involves maintaining good nutrition. Malnutrition is one of the factors that will adversely affect healing after surgery. • If you are a smoker, try to quit. Smoking can slow down your healing. • You can do strengthening exercises as advised before surgery to reduce the healing time. • Post-surgery physiotherapy should be done as per the doctor’s guidance

What should I not do after a replacement surgery?

Avoid high-impact exercises such as running or jogging on hard pavement or any activities that involve sudden jolts to your body. Implants are durable but will wear out with heavy use. The best exercises for lower extremity fitness after joint replacement are swimming, the elliptical trainer or the stationary bicycle to ensure a long life for your implant.